There is definitely a right way to do a cable installations. This knowledge, however, is not known by everyone. The homeowner has been known to “wing it” when the pressure of a looming kick-off was weighing on their minds. That said, even the most seasoned veteran of the installation trade may have occasionally found him or herself having to “bend” the rules to bring an installation in on time and on budget.
Life happens. Nobody on our end is judging, but for the sake of clarity and in support of the current wave of digital transformation, Versa proudly presents a 10-point infographic on how NOT to install a cable.
Just as a disclaimer, we are serious but our presentation might be a little bit tongue-in-cheek.
The smartest way to start a project is to map it out in its entirety on paper. This process has the potential to raise important questions and obstacles you may not have considered. Many is the day a simple installation grew to monster proportions because the installer or DIYer got waylayed by an unforeseen glitch.
Poor planning can cost time and money. The discipline of having to draw out the end-to-end process in advance can actually spotlight troubles before they happen and to allow you to get advice on beforehand. That way, you don’t find yourself in a situation where your job site is ripped apart and your client is breathing down your neck. Not pretty.
Some points a pre-plan can help ensure:
- That you have more than enough cable to span the distance
- That your cable delivers 1 Gbps where required
- That you have enough of the right connectors
- That you can easily access the full distance you need to run the cable
- That your client knows the full scope of the operation and can pay you what your worth for your time
- And finally, that you’ve identified potential sources of interference along the cabling route
Getting the proverbial “skunk” on the table, has allowed many a project to proceed without unnecessary stress. In the long run, this process will actually make your life simpler.
SOLUTION: Get the job on paper before you start.
2. Do not assume you know the PoE compliance of the devices you’re connecting to.
An installer must always double-check every device they are connecting to ensure they have the right cable. It is also helpful take a look at the switch to see that it can properly support the power requirements of the device.
That might include power budget per port when connecting a switch. It’s important to know whether power can be delivered over the same cable as data. An installer also needs to be aware if an injector is needed for a legacy device, and finally, whether an extender is required for pulls that exceed the 100m distance limitations for data over Ethernet.
3. Do not buy the cheapest equipment available.
The old saying penny wise is pound foolish exists for a reason. It is better to buy and install the finest quality IT networking equipment you or your client can afford. First quality products tend to last longer and they generally perform better while they do.
If you’re going to all the trouble of opening walls, and purchasing top-of-the-line components, make sure you’re connecting those devices with solid high-performance cabling options. Indeed, make sure cables can out last the next couple of technology refreshes.
Ethernet cabling typically has a life expectancy of 15 to 20 years. Look at the warranty label for manufacturer specifications. Inferior quality cables will begin to fail sooner. Well insulated cables of a better grade are often worth the added expense throughout the lifecycle of the installation.
SOLUTION: Think 10 and even 20 years ahead. Things are going to change. Determine how your network will make these transitions. Don’t be afraid to ask an expert if you need help. Technology is transforming rapidly.
4. Do not assume you don’t need to know the latest standards.
Realistically, it’s a good idea to stay current on the state of industry products. For instance, knowing the latest Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) standards for power over Ethernet can help the installer make informed choices. The IEEE recently ratified the 802.3bt standard, also known as Type 4. What’s new about Type 4 is that it can deliver up to 95W of power per device per port over 4-pair Ethernet.
SOLUTION: Read up on blogs and go to product labels to see how much power your devices require. That way you can install switches and cabling to support the more sophisticated, feature-laden devices becoming available right now. Your client will see the value of the money spent for the installation in direct correlation to the benefit delivered by the end device that cable supports.
5. Do not assume your installation is a one-and-done.
Instead, assume that things could change and that others will need to get to your installation to adjust or add to it. Add a door rather than sheet rock. Mount your hub inside of a utility room or IT closet. Know that the easier it is for the next guy to make repairs, the easier it will be on your client.
Nothing inspires the desire to rehire quite like a job well done. Besides the person who comes in later to do more work might actually be you.
SOLUTION: Plan in the ease of administration into your original design. Even if you’re not the original designer, be sure to add ways to capture that ease of access into your proposal. Your client will be grateful in the long run.
That means electrical closets, microwaves, and noisy manufacturing floors. It is a good idea to review the building plans before designing your topology. A stitch in time saves nine. It’s easier to avoid trouble than have to constantly manage it.
SOLUTION: Check with the facilities manager to see where power sources, kitchens and labs, and manufacturing “hotspots” are for electrostatic. They may know of upcoming renovations that might not appear on a set of building blueprints. Save yourself a headache and ask.
7. Do not ignore the potential for the future.
Running an extra cable or two could save expense and time down the road. Find out from your client where potential expansion may happen and the future and plan that into your installation. Labor is one of the most expensive parts of a cable installation. Your client will think very highly of this kind of advice.
SOLUTION: Understand how more cable up front could save a bundle down the road. Be ready to explain this to your customer. You’ll not only make their lives easier but make them look good to their management team.
8. Do not ignore networking terminology.
Many of your clients will be IT networking insiders, but some definitely won’t. Be ready to explain some of the basic concepts to your client. Terms like backbone and segment should not only appear in your conversation but also on your plans. It will show them that you know whereof you speak and will help themconcepts to to communicate within their company.
SOLUTION: This tip isn’t bad for the DIY homeowner either. The more you know, the better the choices you will make.
9. Do not ignore the benefits of different media.
Each type of cable offers different features. Coaxial and existing copper may also play into this picture. These may be easily repurposed for some of the upcoming technologies. For this article, though, we will look at the following.
Fiber optic is expensive but it is fast, can span long distances, and weather harsh temperature extremes. It’s an excellent choice for industrial environments. Read more here.
Ethernet is much less expensive and is becoming faster and more powerful. It offers the potential to deliver power and data over a single cable. It cuts down on installing additional power sources, and the devices it supports are becoming much more sophisticated. More here.
Wireless is getting ready for the big 5G boom. The wireless access point can be connected with either Ethernet or fiber. There are plenty of advances headed our way. One notable ability to recharge smartphones over wireless.
SOLUTION: The possibilities are many. Pick the option that gives your client the biggest bang for the buck.
10. Do not forget to take advantage of the real estate overhead.
One of the cabling options that is disrupting business as usual is the overhead modular option. You can read more about it here. Simply put, this option will allow work spaces to become much more responsive to the people doing business.
SOLUTION: Discuss the possibilities with your client. This approach is sure to become a standard for campus new builds because of its phenomenal versatility.
That’s it for this piece. If you need help putting together an equipment sheet for your next installation, we would love to assist you.
Why the PoE5 Tester will help IT managers transition networking equipment to support the new IEEE 802.3bt compliant higher-powered Type 4 PoE.
On September 27, 2018, the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) ratified their latest PoE standard. This new 4 pair, high powered IEEE 802.3bt Power-over-Ethernet (PoE) distribution technology has now reached a stunning power level of 100W to enable the next generation of intelligent devices.
“This amendment to IEEE Std 802.3-201x increases the maximum PD power available by utilizing all four pairs in the specified structured wiring plant. These enhancements solve the problem of higher power and more efficient standardized PoE delivery systems.” Approved Draft Standard for Ethernet, Amendment 2, Power over Ethernet over 4 Pairs.
Millions of devices are currently receiving data and power from this single cable solution. Expect to see these numbers mushroom in all sorts of areas. This includes smart buildings in sensing cities where lighting, HVAC, and occupancy relies upon the intelligence of PoE enabled sensors.
PoE is rising to the challenge of providing the wall-outlet AC equivalent to the IoT devices ecosystem now emerging on the scene.
Another challenge will come in determining if existing infrastructure is up to the task of these higher levels of power. IT admins, integrators, and installers will want to have a quick, reliable way to check if their IT networks can support higher power budgets, which is why Versa thought this article would be of interest.
What the PoE5 100W Power-over-Ethernet Tester Does
Last week, Reach Technology officially launched their PoE5 100W 24-port tester to allow networking teams a way to measure if switches are fully functioning at the port-level, and if not, at what levels of power they are delivering. While this unit is essential for manufacturing product tests, it definitely has a place in enterprise IT where admins need to maintain optimal network performance.
The Reach Technology PoE5 100W tester provides a cost effective per-port test unit which verifies the Power Sourcing Equipment (PSE) is properly functioning. PSE manufactures adopting IEEE 802.3bt PoE used in many Multiport Ethernet Switch, Midspan, and other new IEEE 802.bt-2018 controllers will want to test to this new standard.
The PoE5 can help identify equipment failures before they happen by allowing a clear way to determine what upgrades are required to keep LANs functioning at peak through the transition to higher powered PoE-device ecosystems.
Some specification highlights of the PoE5 are:
- Compliant to four pair standard
- Up to 100w total per-port adjustable load
- Supports single and double signature implementations
- Datapath rated to 10Gbase-T
- Supports autoclass options for LED lighting applications
Additionally, the PoE5 supports multirate traffic of 2.5G, 5G, and 10G speeds. All channels on all units are verified to provide a Cat6A compliant data path.
The PoE5 Tester is used to verify a Multiport Ethernet Switch (PSE side) is functioning properly testing power load on each port. While the RT PoE5 tester doesn’t not provide compliance and LLDP testing it can achieve a low cost-per-port and repeatable testing on your development and testing needs. Many PoE customers are using this tester for R&D development, firmware changes, port setup and in production manufacturing for Go, No Go testing.
How the PoE5 Will Be Used
Reach Technology provided a real-life situation to help understand ways IT staff can utilize the tester.
If a central 24-port high-power switch has a single port failure, not only is the end user inconvenienced (no lights!), but the whole switch may need replacing.
The tester gives a final stress test to ensure that the complete unit, from internal power supply and cabling to the RJ45 jack connectors, and avoids common initial installation failures and provides the level of reliability that is expected of power infrastructure.
This unit will help enterprise professionals measure the performance levels of their existing switch equipment and replace those units that aren’t up to the task. Versa offers an excellent upgrade option—the Versa VX-GPU2626 L2+ 24-Port Managed GbE UPOE Switch.
For networking professionals, the goal is always 100 percent uptime. It’s a big deal especially when you realize some of the ways IEEE 802.3bt will support intelligent technology and make life better and safer.
Technologies 802.3bt Supports
The 802.3bt PoE 100W power increase now opens remote and lower cost installation alternatives to a host of new devices. To paint a picture of the technologies where IEEE 802.3bt will appear, here is a list of the device networks where having this tester will help ensure you have the robust capability your system requires.
Smart lighting adapts to changing work environment, enhancing well-being and productivity. LED bulbs can last up to 50K hours. That is an average of 50 times longer than incandescent, 20-25 times longer than halogen, and 8-10 times longer than CFL, and at substantial energy savings. It can share a network switch and be upgraded or reprogrammed inexpensively. Additionally, the Ethernet infrastructure that supports LED lighting solutions, like the SmartCast Intelligent Lighting System manufactured by CREE, and is super simple to install eliminating the need for costly electricians.
The benefit, variety of implementation, and beauty of digital signage is extraordinary. These technologies have come a long way in a very short time. A content manager at a PC with the right software and a digital sign and do amazing things to improve the quality and value of outward facing business communication. And, it usually only takes a couple of hours to get a system up and running.
Having 24/7 access to the entry point security control into a home or business from one centralized device, such as a smartphone, can give a parent or manager peace of mind. Smart access points store security policies, aggregate historical data, and other features to protect people and vital assets. CCTV and IP camera systems operate in a similar fashion.
Ethernet has long been associated with security system installations because it allows remote placement of devices without the need for additional power sources.
A medical display, like a Thinlabs PoE monitor, is a light screen with special image-enhancing capabilities and brightness that allow high-resolution reading and automated compliance for use in diagnostic testing. Lower quality devices lose their brightness over time. A good medical display will retain the brightness required to detect subtleties in a patient x-ray.
In other words, not only will IEEE 802.3bt make the places we live and work safer, brighter and more comfortable, but it will also help doctors save lives.
Not a bad result for an increased limit of 100W power per port.
This new IEEE standard opens the floodgates, for the PoE market and powered switch (PSE) suppliers and PoE power LED lighting controllers, IP camera and other PoE powered devices. And, although a mountain of brand new devices are coming our way, the infrastructure that will support them is going to be a little more checkered, at least when it comes to newness. Installation customers will need to stretch their budgets and prioritize networking equipment updates while we transition.
That is where the PoE5 comes in. It will give networking pros a tool to measure the “life” that’s left in their existing infrastructure and support the marvelous things end users are doing with that 100W power increase.
To learn more about the PoE5 Tester by clicking on this link.
As always, if one of Versa’s analysts can assist you with putting together a bid, we’d love to hear from you.
In a previous article, Versa discussed hybrid fiber-and-copper blended cabling and the power-over-fiber cabling options that are in development. These solutions have their place in network deployments, but like anything that is specialized can be costly to purchase.
In this article, we will look at reasons for deploying fiber in segments of an installation, and why this less expensive approach makes sense.
For other parts of an installation, copper is king. It’s a green alternative. It’s also pre-existing and thereby much less costly, which causes less friction for approval within organizations trying to stretch a dollar. Pre-existing coaxial, too, has found a place in the geography of Power over Ethernet (PoE). There remains a position within the illustrious cabling stratosphere, though, that only fiber optic can fill. Because of its speed and resistance to harsh environments, it is especially well suited to ultra-long distances and high-noise industrial deployments.
To begin this discussion, it’s useful to recap some of the main points in Power over Ethernet (PoE) copper cabling and understand its limitations.
Power over Ethernet Using Copper
Electrical signals over copper [PoE] need a refresh at a distance of 100 meters. That means without the use of extenders and other long reach technologies that’s the limit of power and data on a single cable.
|IEEE 802.3bt (PoE ++, or Type 3) provides up to 80 watts of power by using all four twisted copper pairs to transmit data and power at a maximum supported distance of 100 meters. Copper is able to transmit power over longer distances; transmitting data over copper, without the use of boosting devices, is limited to ranges of 100 meters.|
Happily, there are plenty of networking devices allow IT administrators and installers the luxury of sending signals for much longer distances and combining multi-cable networks with ease.
- Extenders – can be used to extend an Ethernet network up to distances of 6,000 meters. The VX-VEB160G4 (V2) can achieve 300Mbps [downstream up to 190Mbps and upstream up to 110Mbps.]. Extenders also work for wireless and coax networks.
- Injectors may be used to inject power at midspan for legacy equipment deployments where power needs to be combined with data.
- Fiber media converters are used to combine segments of a network where fiber and twisted pair cabling appear in the same network stream.
Each of these technologies can add considerable distance to the reach of a LAN. But they aren’t able to span ultra-long distance like fiber can.
Some of the Benefits of Fiber
The optical fiber transmits up to 100 Terabits per second and can easily surpass 100-meter distances. Singlemode fiber can reach distances over 120 km but it’s more expensive than multimode. The primary reason for this is the tightness of the single mode connection required. Connectors have to be ceramic. That makes labor more expensive as installers must finely polish and splice connections.
Multimode is less expensive to install but single mode has a higher capacity.
In either case, fiber outdistances copper and coax dramatically. And they offer speeds that are much faster because they travel over light pulses.
A Side-by-Side Comparison of Features
There are good reasons why single mode and multimode cabling types are so popular. The glass in fiber optic cable is less susceptible to harsh temperatures than copper which can expand or contract significantly. And though glass tends to be brittle, it can also handle loud noise and electrostatic emissions found in industrial environments. Let’s take a closer look at how they work.
|Single mode fiber uses the 9/125 ratio in its construction. The core to cladding diameter is 9 microns to 125 microns.|
Single mode Fiber
The reason single mode is called “single” is that it carries a single ray of light. At the center of this fiber optic cable is a small diametral core. The core will only allow one mode of light to propagate. As the light transmit down the core, the number of reflections decreases. This also lowers the rate in which a signal attenuates or weakens. The narrowing action propels the signal further. This is what makes single mode ideal for long distance deployments.
|Multimode fiber uses the 62.5/125 ratio in its construction. The core to cladding diameter is approximately 62.5 microns to 125 microns.|
The reason multimode is called “multi” is because it carries multiple rays of light. At its center, as you probably guessed by process of elimination, is a large diametric core. This allows light to propagate in both directions. The number of light reflections that this additional space allows increases as the signal passes through the core. More data is able to transmit at a time. For the same reason, though, the wider core can also lead to a high rate of dispersion reducing signal quality over long distances. Radio frequencies don’t transmit over multimode fiber.
Power Over Fiber and Copper / Fiber Hybrids
Manufacturers have been busy. Besides copper, coax and fiber there are other options available—hybrid and composite cables. They are nothing new but in a discussion about network cabling, they definitely need to be mentioned.
The hybrid factor is based upon the type of fiber being used—usually multimode and single mode. Installers deploy them in contained areas like a campus or premises backbone where single mode may be used in future deployments.
The composite factor refers to cables that contain both fiber and electrical conductors. This variety is referred to as a powered fiber cable system (PFCS). These cables are grounded for safety.
Note: These cables may be used for underwater tethered vehicles, remote wireless antennas, and CCTV cameras.
Summary | Why Use Different Cables
Connecting together an enterprise network, whether business, governmental, or academic, can be like piecing together a puzzle. The wisdom as to why an installer chooses a particular cable not only rests on its function but also how much it costs to deploy. Keeping costs down has allowed organizations the ability to afford frequent upgrades. One of the most exciting solutions of the present day has definitely been PoE and its satellite components.
Along with much repurposing of Cat 5e, Cat 6, and Cat 6a, though, there seems to be a resurge in coax and a steady proportionate deployment of fiber.
If you’re piecing together a network of diverse cabling and would like some help in understanding the best option for your deployment, please feel free to reach out.
Memory fails as to who actually coined the phrase, but living in a smart home will eventually feel like living inside of a robot. The flow of life, work, and travel will become so tailored that we might begin to wonder how those who lived in earlier times survived.
Imagine how much easier life would have been for Ben Franklin. “Alexa, dost thou know when thunder and lightning will overflow the skies?”
“Okay, Ben,” Alexa replieth, “There’s a seventy percent chance of rain this afternoon.”
“I thank thee.”
But, I digress.
As our homes, workplaces, and cities become increasingly connected and smart, what technology will innovators rely on to drive this transformation? The answer is sensors.
The “linchpin” to these “self aware” environments will definitely be the sensor. These devices will read our reality and supply billions of data points to super computers for analysis to help developers innovate. It’s going to be interesting to watch.
Many of us have witnessed this phenomenon on our roadways. Street lights adjust to the flow of traffic. An announcement of an accident appears on a roadside marquee redirecting motorists to the fastest alternate route to their destination.
Tech giants like Alphabet Sidewalk Labs have witnessed this. The Google parent company is tapping into sensors to find ways to improve city life. The team is immersed in a 12-block test project along the waterfront in the city of Toronto in Canada, to see how a sensing city can inform design and accessibility for the citizens there.
The waterfront or Quayside project is going to be built from the ground up.
Installers don’t always have that luxury. So how do organizations and cities “back-fill” getting sensing devices into the odd places they’re needed to collect data?
Solving the Problem of Remote Sensors
As an IT networking pro easing your way into the Internet of Things (IoT), you’re probably thinking about practical and effective ways you and your team will be installing sensors.
- Around a client’s home
- In an office or government building
- On a college campus
- Across municipal infrastructure like atop a bridge or cell tower
Whenever a remote installation is required, Ethernet extenders are able to provide a simple, one-cable solution.
|Versa’s VX-VEB160G4 (V2) is an Industrial, wall mounted, 300Mbps Ethernet Extender Kit. It’s our best in class, providing data rates of 190 Mbps downstream and 110 Mbps upstream via legacy copper lines.|
What Is An Ethernet Extender?
Also known as a repeater, an Ethernet extender is an IEEE 802.3 compliant device that allows a connection to a local area network (LAN) that is beyond the standard cable distance of 100 meters [330 feet], the distance that data can travel over copper.
An Ethernet extender is commonly used to connect remote devices, such as, CCTV cameras, sensors, wireless access points (WAPs), display screens, point of sales kiosks, and security access technologies like retinal scanners or badge readers.
Ethernet extenders are used for copper Ethernet cabling solutions like twisted pair and 4-wire options. They help connect devices that would otherwise access a wireless area network (WAN) but do not have a clear sight line (wireless signal path).
Our Extender, The VX-VEB160G4 (V2)
The VX-VEB160G4 (V2) is a best in class PoE compliant device with the fastest speeds for this type of device anywhere. It can be deployed at distances of up to 9,000 feet (2,743.2 meters). It’s the perfect option to implement a remote sensor in a variety of settings and can weather temperature extremes between -40°C/F to 75°C (167°F).
Essentially, the VX-VEB160G4 (V2) is a perfect option for that remote sensing device indoor or out, that needs to deliver data and power over one single legacy copper cable.
Where Sensing City Sensors Will Be Deployed
Smart cities and sensing cities are in varying degrees of development around the globe. Toronto isn’t the only place a sensing city is being implemented. Christchurch in New Zealand is another project.
Sensing cities monitor flows of people, traffic, quality of water and other essential services.
Some of the ways that sensors are collecting data are listed.
- Electrical grid management
- Smart parking facilities
- Public safety management
- Water quality management
- Electric vehicle charging stations
- Real-time scheduling and tracking of local transportation
- Public information access points
- Air quality control
- Noise reduction management
All of these factors will be monitored and managed to make quality of life better for residents.
Sensing City Dashboard Simulation
To give you an idea of how this might be communicated to decision makers, here’s a sensing city dashboard simulation developed by MIT Portugal that shows an overhead grid and power consumption levels within different sectors of a city.
Power consumption spikes indicate the presence of a local event or it could be an alert that informs authorities of infrastructure problems. This could save time and considerable amounts of money as it not only identifies location but could also diagnose problems and remove delays and guesswork as to the proper resolution.
Development in Toronto
Developmental Sequence for the Alphabet project in Toronto. Not surprisingly, infrastructure is the first layer of this project. You have to have the bones to support all of the services.
It’s probably not realistic to think that a project like building a sensing city from the ground up has an end date. It’s just one of those things in life that will continue to evolve as needs become apparent and technology is developed.
One of the reasons Rohit Aggarwala, the project lead for Alphabet Sidewalk Labs, is calling the Quayside a sensing city is that he feels the term “smart city” is obsolete.
The term smart city is too closely associated with software products focused on wringing maximum efficiency out of cash-strapped city services.
Makes sense. Sensing brings with it the idea that conclusions that are drawn and implemented in design will be based on empirical data from the sensors. It will remove human bias based on pre-conceived notions and stay true to fact.
If you would like to learn more about Power over Ethernet and the capability to deliver power and data over one cable, please check out our Power over Ethernet page.
If you happened to jump on the Amazon site this past weekend, you might have noticed something new. Amazon has started to roll out their Alexa compatible ecosystem. The next stage in the Internet of Things (IoT) apparently is not more connectivity to the Internet, but the ability of devices to talk to one another. One interesting addition to this somewhat predictable gadgetary body is a microwave. I mean, what good is having a digital assistant, security cameras, car access, and a sound system if you can’t have Alexa heat your burrito while you enjoy it? We predict this little device will amass a small fortune for Amazon. Can’t you just see the junior engineers suggesting it when their project leaders asked which products they wanted to develop next?
As September 2018 winds down, get ready. We are poised to enter 2019 and the IoT is mushrooming into reality before our eyes. It’s no longer just a list of predictions from research houses like Gartner or Frost & Sullivan.
Manufacturers are excitedly releasing their pre-holiday product lines, and inadvertently opening a window into the spectacular future. With Pandora’s box now open, it shines a light on what lies ahead for us infrastructure folks. We need to prepare for the next level of IT networking.
A New Approach to Cable Installations
Cabling a home is one thing, but cabling in an ever-shifting office building or campus where the needs are in constant flux requires greater design flexibility. With that in mind, installation experts are turning their eyes to the ceiling, literally. The real estate above our heads offers the greatest forgiveness and ease when it comes to redeployment options.
One such technique that planners are relying on is the universal connectivity grid (UCG). A group called CommScope has developed this innovative methodology and in this article, Versa will explain some of the reasons it’s catching the attention of weary IT and facility managers.
To understand the importance of this new approach, let’s consider some of the expanding technology that office networks currently support.
- Wireless access points
- Security and access control systems
- Facility management systems including lighting and temperature controls
- Energy tracking
Building design professionals are on the search for a better, more flexible approach to help them pre-plan for the inevitable changes that occur throughout the life of buildings. What was once a lunchroom may convert to a lab as other space maxes out and customers driven projects come to a business. This is why building construction, smart buildings, and raised floorraised floor goes hand in hand.
Let’s begin with the traditional method.
Traditional Commercial Building Networks
Traditionally, building networks consisted of 2 networking-infrastructure segments called point-to-point. The vertical distribution, called the backbone, acts like the trunk of a tree and is a place where cabling for the floor converges.
The horizontal distribution acts like branches and reaches out to specific networks across each floor within the building structure. The problem is that office structures are highly changeable and when a space needed to be reconfigured walls, notoriously, needed to come down in order to re-cable for the new needs of that area.
The next “generation” of cabling relies on consolidation points and common pathways to run cable around the circuit of a floor. The zone system allows facilities managers greater flexibility but still requires designers to utilize predetermined pathways.
Any distances beyond the 100m Ethernet limit could be handled with fiber-optic cabling and then linked through a media converter technology to less expensive and often preexisting Ethernet cabling. Any wireless networking would be done on the fly.
The vertical portions might run along centrally located points like near stairwells or elevator shafts and then spread outwards. Zone cabling definitely covers more ground from a pre-thought perspective, but many a facilities worker or installation contractor still had a lot of cables to pull when walls needed to shift.
Thankfully, there’s an easier approach that gets the bulk of the work done ahead of time and provides the spatial support for great infrastructure as needs arise within a business.
The Universal Connectivity Grid
The UCG approach takes zone cabling a step further. It distributes a honeycomb or grid of cells across the entire ceiling the length of the building. This construction is uniform and pre-integrated. Further, it deploys low voltage technologies like PoE and preplaces wireless access points.
These zones are fully staged to support all of the SMART building systems that are being retrofitted these days:
- Fire and security alarm systems
- Access controls
- LAN cabling
- Lighting systems
It simplifies changes and ongoing operational costs can be reduced.
UCG is a smart move toward the the next stage in device support. As you’ve seen and as Versa has mentioned in a number of our posts, pre-integration is the move of all technology. It’s what customers are seeing with Alexa and Amazon’s new wave of digital assistant lifestyle products and it’s the direction that infrastructure is taking to support the device rich landscape we see in front of us. For those of us that love technology, these are exciting days.
If you’re in the process of constructing a bid or home project and would like a little help putting together your product list, we’re always happy to assist.
We hear a lot about 5G these days. Currently 5G is or is about to go live in major cities around the U.S: such as, Houston, Atlanta, Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Phoenix, and Washington D.C. Still others will go live in early 2019. It all depends upon your provider and location. In some ways, 5G is still a ways from becoming a fully-realized technology but it’s definitely on its way.
Yet IT networking device manufacturers don’t appear to be slowing down on 4G development.
To get to the heart of their reasoning, we need to ask a few questions. Namely, what is 4G and is it still a viable alternative to the coming 5G upgrades?
4G is simply the 4th generation of wireless broadband. It is 10x faster than 3G wireless, and a cost effective way of delivering wireless broadband. 4G LTE wireless broadband offers speeds between 5Mbps and 12Mbps downlink, and between 2Mbps and 5Mbps up. In either case, speed depends upon the distance the signal is sent. Shorter distances are faster.
5G currently offers 10Gbps downloads and 2.5Gbps uploads, so clearly, 4G is still competitive.
What do organizations looking to upgrade their wireless networking infrastructure do while they wait for 5G? The answer to this question may be found in the much used acronym: LTE. These letters stand for Long Term Evolution (LTE).
LTE infrastructure is not a short-term solution. LTE is designed, specifically, to get end users through the rest of 4G and well into the 5G stage of wireless.
NOTE: a gateway is the device that supports your wireless area network.
LTE Gateway offers end users a cross-generational solution in this vibrant stage of 4G wireless, while the developers work out the 5G bugs.
What exactly does 4G offer?
The need for speed
LTE uses Orthoganal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) for the downlink and Single Carrier-Frequency Division Multple Access (SC-FDMA) for the up. OFDMA fully captures the frequency ranges it employs by taking advantage of both carrier and subcarrier waves in the downlink direction. It’s super efficient. Here’s an excerpt from one of our earlier articles describing this process:
In OFDMA, timed bands are actually divided between multiple users.The ORTHOGONAL aspect controls the timing of bands so that no signals or data interfere with other signals sharing the same frequency.
With SC-FDMA, data transmissions are shorter and therefore save on battery life. Together, these schemes work together for optimal outcomes and end-user experiences.
Additionally, LTE uses multiple antennae at the tower to support high data rates at speeds of 1 millisecond.
What’s the latency for LTE wireless technology?
First, let’s define latency. Latency is signal time. It’s the time between when the train leaves the station and when it arrives at the final destination. It’s also known as buffering. Grrr. Most people don’t think about latency until they see that little wheel turning on their video screen waiting for their video to resume.
These speeds seem almost ridiculous. Can the human eye even perceive the difference between 100 and 2 milliseconds? Yet there are sound reasons why these speeds are relevant.
They are important when streaming high resolution video like 4K and 8K. When we get to 3D it’ll become even more important for images to appear realistic.
The other thing is accommodation of traffic on busy networks. When you start to increase network user density, physical resource blocks can fill up quickly.
The timing aspect of shared bands, though, solves this problem.
4G LTE sounds good in theory but what about actual delivery?
Phone Arena compares 4G LTE speeds for broadband providers across various US markets—upstream and downstream:
- Verizon Wireless
Each one of these providers is giving their customers excellent mobile streaming speeds.
“4G LTE has brought blazingly fast Internet to our mobile devices,” states PhoneArena, “with speeds often higher than what home Internet connections offer. However, not all carriers are equal in their offerings.”
Sadly, this disparity is due, in part, to Internet throttling, something cable providers may not be able to remedy. Infrastructure rollouts including fiber installations and technologies like G.Fast will improve things relatively quickly.
That said, 4G is performing well.
Current data rates vary city-by-city and depend upon which carriers are active, but the results are stunning for the 4G user and competitive with what 5G is going to be offering over the next few years at least as 5G rolls out. It promises to eventually reach speeds 10x faster than 4G, but for now is pretty much the same.
LTE and data
LTE moves multiple data streams at once. The ability to add more users and data streams onto a wireless network simultaneously, is akin to safely removing traffic lights from the roads in your city.
You’re able to go fast because it’s easier to get and stay on a network.
LTE Gateway devices also provide good Internet where broadband is either antiquated or non-existing. 4G is a fantastic alternative to cable, which explains why hotspots have become so popular.
How this data efficiency works
By packing as much digital data as they can onto each radio signal, radio frequency engineers maximize the speed and efficiency of an entire network.
4G networks use standard communications IP-based protocols (Internet protocol) to send and receive data in packets. This includes voice data aka voLTE (Voice Over LTE). AI and mobile texting are growing in popularity.
This is called the all-IP standard. Standardized IP packets allow data to traverse all sorts of networks without being scrambled or corrupted.
The signal process soup to nuts
A mobile device begins the sequence by first communicating with the cell tower or base station. The tower is fitted with antennae. Once the LTE link is established, data packets are sent and received at the same time due to the different frequencies used for data in either direction.
Signals travel via radio sub-channels, and are pieced together by processors at the other end.
LTE networks are called long-term evolution because carriers have invested in LTE infrastructure design for the long haul. This “long-term” option offers outstanding scalability. It’s a long-term solution with optimized capacity and performance capabilities that will stay current for some time.
Versatek LTE Gateway products
Versa Technology offers a series of 2-port and 4-port industrial 4G LTE Routers that provide excellent, long-term WAN solutions for places like shopping malls, college campuses, hotels, food courts, government buildings and the like.
Operating temperatures for these sturdy, high-end solutions begin at -20°C to cap at 70°C [-4°F to 158°F], making them perfect for outdoor deployment in warmer climates and equally useful in extreme settings like manufacturing environments.
We invite you to request a custom quote if you’d like help piecing together equipment for a wireless network installation.
Thanks to the ongoing competition between Telcos and Cable Providers, broadband technology—the technology that allows high speed internet services over existing infrastructure—is getting a whole lot better.
The questions these companies have been trying to answer is: how you get faster service to subscribers while still keeping costs down?
The answer is: G.Fast.
G.Fast has been 3-4 years in the making. What’s truly great about this ultra-fast solution is it allows organizations and their installers to reuse existing copper, fiber, and coax, while giving providers the ability to stay competitive by cutting down on overhead and then passing those savings along to customers.
Versa had the opportunity to speak to Mileend Gadkari, VP of Business Development at Sckipio, about the current state of G.Fast and what’s coming down the speedway to customers.
|Do things right the first time.
That’s what keeps customers satisfied.
That’s the axiom of G.fast.
Getting to the need | Gen 1 versus Gen 2
The 1st iteration of G.Fast reaches 1 Gbps on Cat3 [existing phone wiring in buildings] at a distance of 100m. Installers are using coax, too, and finding it’s even better.
The good news is, 2nd generation speeds are clocking at 1.5 Gbps and higher over twisted pair. Remarkably, the design team at Sckipio is able to do this because of a simple change of frequency. The first generation chipsets operated at a 2-106MHz frequency; the second generation operates at a frequency range of 2-212Mhz.
This new spectrum allows providers the ability to reach 2-gigs of combined upload and download speed. People can move a lot of data, quickly with that kind of responsiveness. Generation 2 G.Fast is helping us reach our objectives, while helping customers do the same.
Recently, Broadband Trends ran a survey among operators that revealed the top reasons providers have for deploying G.Fast. Listed from most unanimous to least here are some of the solutions that G.Fast is solving.
- The push for faster speeds (more than 250 Mbps but less than 1 Gbps)
- Deployment of Advanced Broadband (BB) in multi-dwelling units (MDU) with copper infrastructure
- Deployment where Fiber drops won’t work
- Time to market
- Lower cost than Fiber to the Home (FTTH)
- Enables 1 Gbps speeds
- Deployment of Advanced BB in MDUs with coax infrastructure
- Extend life of existing copper plant
Why G.Fast is so popular across the board
Damaged walls in the last mile has been a nightmare for building owners, installers and their customers who simply want to enjoy better Internet speeds and quality signals.
The whole idea behind G.Fast is to prevent installers from having to pull more cables. It prevents hassle.
You can see it deployed in a number of situations.
- Multi-dwelling units
- Single-family units
And, we are now achieving Fiber to the Street at 100-300m. That’s a clear indicator of how this technology continues to improve.
End results are important but developers have taken this a step further. They’re helping installers assess the starting point of an installation better, too.
One use case problem that G.Fast solves is HOW an installer can know if existing copper is good enough for a fresh installation.
Sckipio has developed a Digital Processing Unit (DPU), a single-port device that acts like an extender, that simplifies site surveys.
NOTE: those who have pulled-their-hair-out in VDSL wiring experiences should not equate these experiences with what will happen with G.Fast.
Benefits to installers
This is definitely an instance where time-to-market can help installers make more money while saving time. With help from the DPU installers can:
- Survey sites ahead of time.
- Handle installs more quickly.
Data from the DPU alerts the installer to ensure there are no problems.
Do it right the first time. That’s the axiom with G.Fast. That way, there are NO headaches and NO angry customers.
Using this device, installations tend to be done for the whole building the same day.
G.Fast uses existing infrastructure and yet provides better quality outcomes. Speeds of 750 Mbps are not uncommon. Speed tiers jump depending on locations.
Who is rolling out this technology?
G.Fast currently caters to two tiers of customer:
- Telcos – ATT, Century [these are level-1 backbone ISPs]
- Cable companies – Spectrum, Sonic
Make no mistake about it. Competition is tough. Fiber will definitely yield the best results but it’s also very expensive, and many people want alternatives for the last mile with no disruption. They don’t want to deal with holes in their walls, and they want to keep costs down.
Gadkari reports that there are 2 basic problems that hinder broadband upgrades: cost and right of way disputes. This is what is preventing the use of fiber—not only in the US but also Europe.
Current results with G.Fast
Gen 1: A big success. Much has been learned. The Telcos are highly motivated. We’re finding, though, that quarterly earnings are going to the Cable companies.
Gen 2: This version is in final stages of development and is in trial phase and soon to appear. Stay tuned.
As with media conversion technology, coax is emerging as a viable contender in the reuse of infrastructure and plenty of it remains as a legacy of earlier Internet installations.
The ability to do site surveys also cuts down on hassle later when the potential for infrastructure fails has been eliminated.
As word of mouth continues to percolate due to the stunning results of G.Fast technology, the hope is that right of way disputes will be overridden by plain common sense. At the end of the day, it’s the customers who suffer when red tape slows down advancement.
We trust you enjoyed learning more about the current state of G.Fast.
Network installers and IT administrators continue the move toward green. To recapture and use existing cabling infrastructures, and allocate the money in their budgets to purchase better devices, savvy thinkers are opting to deploy transceivers.
As you probably already know, a network transceiver spans the gap between Ethernet and coax, Ethernet and fiber, and between coax and fiber. It also links single-mode and multi-mode cabling deployments.
This article is going to pull together the pieces for a quick view resource. It’s not rocket science, but it is sophisticated enough where a one-stop reference might make life easier.
Small Form-factor Pluggable PLUS (SFP+) is a small, second-generation optical transceiver used to convert back and forth between optical and electrical signals. They plug into the SFP port of a network switch. It is used to connect to Fiber Channel and Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) optical fiber cables together in one network. They are plug-and-play devices following the trend toward simplification.
They are part of the GBIC transceiver family.
They are specificially designed to support 10G performance.
What is the difference between SFP and SFP+?
The primary difference between the two technologies is data rate. The SFP maxes out at 5 Gbps, while the SFP+ is designed to reach 10 Gbps. Both are used in applications for both telecom and datacom.
Impedance is better in the plus design.
Why is the faster 10 Gbps speed better?
At present, 1000BASE technologies are still in the 2.5 Gbps to 5 Gbps range, so no apparent difference. Over the next 5 years, though, expect devices to start cracking through that ceiling. The Internet, however, is a different matter.
What is 10 Gbps Internet?
Does 10 Gbps Internet even exist? Blame it on Bitcoin and the mining community because not everyone can afford to pay $300 a month for this kind of service. According to the media outlet Motherboard, ISPs began to offer this type of service sometime around 2016. One man with a radiology based business in Chattanooga TN was one of the first to purchase it.
Test Your Internet Speed.
Gigabit Interface Converters (GBIC) and SFP, their miniature cousins, are both optical transceivers. They convert signals to and from optical and electrical forms. The perception is that SFPs are an upgrade because their smaller size allows more of them to be deployed on a single switch than the GBIC.
If you already have a line card for GBICs, you can continue to fill it with GBIC compatible connections. If you don’t have a GBIC line card, then SFPs are a super-easy alternative.
What is a transceiver and what does it do?
“Transceiver” is a combination of the words transmitter and receiver, and the melding of that capability within a single housing is what you get within these devices.
An optical transceiver chip transmits and receives data over fiber instead of wire. Information pulses over light beamed along transparent fibers or cables.
Cable and technology glossary
To simplify this further, here are some of the alphabetical standards and a quick view of what each of signifies.
What does the “X” in 1000BASE-X mean?
The X refers to FAST ETHERNET. Also known as IEEE 802.3z, the X refers mostly to Ethernet transmission over fiber optic cable, although shielded copper is sometimes used. One of the many benefits is the multi-directional ability that this standard provides. You can use 1000BASE-X for both single-mode and multi-mode deployments.
Here are what some of the “X” combinations mean:
|1000BASE Name||Cable Specs aka Media||Distances of up to:|
|CX||Shielded copper||25 meters|
|KX||Copper backplane||1 meter|
|SX||Multi-mode fiber/ 770 to 860 nm wavelength||FDDI 220 meters
OM1 275 meters
OM2 550 meters
|LX||Multi-mode fiber 1,270 to 1,355 nm wavelength||550 meters|
|LX||Single-mode fiber 1,270 to 1,355 nm wavelength||5 kilometers|
|LX10||Single-mode fiber 1,260 to 1,360 nm wavelength||10 kilometers|
|EX||Single-mode fiber 1,310 nm wavelength||~ 40 kilometers|
|ZX||Single-mode fiber 1,550 nm wavelength||~ 70 kilometers|
|BX10||Single-mode fiber, single-strand: 1,480 to 1,500 nm downstream, 1,260 to 1,360 nm upstream||10 kilometers|
The information in this table comes from IEEE 802.3-2008, clause 39.
What does the “T” in 1000BASE-T mean?
1000BASE-T refers to Cat5e, Cat6, and Cat7 Ethernet cable. No surprise there. These are cables that send signals using electrical energy. The same is true for coax. An SFP is needed between Ethernet and coax on the same switch, just to be clear.
More alphabet glossary, this time for “T.”
|1000BASE Name||Cable Specs aka Media||Distances of up to:|
|T||Twisted-pair cabling (Cat5, Cat5e, Cat6, and Cat7)||100 meters1|
|T1||Single, balanced twisted pair||15 meters|
|TX||Twisted-pair cabling (Cat6 and Cat7)||100 meters1|
1 These distances are stretched through the use of Ethernet Extender Kits and Injectors.
What does the “RHx” in 1000BASE-RHx mean?
1000BASE-RHX refers to optical plastic fiber.
|1000BASE Name||Cable Specs aka Media||Distances of up to:|
|RHx||Plastic optical fiber||15-50 meters|
In addition to SFP micro transceivers, Versa Technology offers 100BaseFX and Fast Ethernet 10/100BaseTX media converters. These devices also connect different networks utilizing different mediums.
They support a maximum distance of 2km in a Multimode fiber connection and up to 80km in a Single mode fiber connection.
Versa Technology’s media converters are fully compliant with IEEE 802.3 and 802.3u standards.
Click here to learn more about our Media Converters and SFP devices.
10GBASE-T is a type of Ethernet signaling providing speeds over twisted-pair cabling that go beyond 1 Gigabit per second (Gbps) for distances up to 100 meters.
This IEEE 802.3an® standard can reach 2.5 and 5 Gbps over Cat5e and Cat6 cabling. Depending upon the network infrastructure, signals can potentially reach new speeds of up to 10 Gbps. The recent ratification and standardization of 10GBASE-T is the result of focused efforts from the NBASE-T Alliance.
The NBASE-T Alliance is a group of experts. They come from companies across the industry with the expressed purpose of facilitating 2.5G and 5GBASE-T Ethernet product development and deployment.
Founded in 2014, the alliance builds consensus and helps streamline the development of new standards. The original standard, IEEE 802.3bz, was approved in record time in September 2016, is compatible with specifications published by the NBASE-T Alliance.
10GBase-T is a refresh and further development of these capabilities.
In a nutshell, the goal for 10GBase-T is to allow companies to develop and deploy 2.5G and 5GBASE-T products faster.
The alliance now focuses on publishing optimizations to the specification, facilitating interoperability and educating the market about the multiple applications of the technology.
Customers need faster wireless and content transfer speeds. Speed is essential to client enterprise, industrial, home and service provider environments.
Why is this 10GBase-T refresh such a big deal?
For the data center, this new capability will help make 10G on the desktop a reality in the not so distant future. Increase bandwidth opens the door for developers to grow essential applications.
File compression, additional memory, and network cards will eventually become unnecessary.
What technologies are hogging all of this bandwidth anyway?
Because online content is a key component of the online environment, it is driving bandwidth consumption. And the biggest pull comes in the form of video.
Moore’s law also known as Gates law
People want to watch movies. They want to watch sports and tutorials. They like to play games that are becoming more and more life-like. None of this is new to the Versa reader. Though written information definitely has its place in the education ecosystem, more consumers are turning to video to learn about products and services.
Some ways video is being delivered to end users:
There is a very high probability that unprecedented levels of data will have to move across the network and in some cases be cached locally to ensure low latency. Immersive experiences with 360° video applications require a lot of data. Networks will need more storage at their data hubs.
[….] if you want the best “retinal” 360° video experience (as you get watching a 4k TV), as much as 600Mbit/s is required.
Last mile networks will need intelligent traffic management solutions, compression algorithms, and very low-latency, high-throughput capabilities to handle the demands of VR content.
Current speeds are approximately 10Mbps. Since gaming is steadily moving toward the VR/AR niche, the data requirements will most likely move in tandem.
Video streaming services include a storage buffer of approximately 1/10th GB to help with latency issues. Depending on the number of participants and the screen resolution you require, you can expect to add 0.5 Mbps inbound and 0.8 Mbps outbound per participant.
Some services recommend having up to 50% headroom per communication channel to ensure maximum performance.
Other speed guzzlers
Other data consumption comes from Cloud-based platforms and data storage.
To deliver all of this throughput on demand, larger networks absolutely need to reach speeds of 1Gbps to 2.5 and 5 Gbps, especially at the enterprise level where many users are consuming data intermittently, making peak times difficult to anticipate.
For this advancement to be effective, the 10GBASE-T Alliance forum has unified efforts in the specification and product development process. Consensus, something we are seeing in other areas like cryptocurrency and blockchain, can bring about interoperability across the industry.
Broad adoption of solutions is actually helping all stakeholders save time and serve the public better by providing simplicity and ease of use.
With 10GBASE-T technologies, NIC cards will be able to auto-negotiate between the various Ethernet speeds.
That’s an extraordinary benefit. Some even predict NIC lifecycles with 10GBASE-T will be longer than fiber lifecycles. Hardware changes will become unnecessary when migrating between speeds.
The ISO cabling standard for 10GBASE-T moves to Cat7.
The only published cable standard supporting 10GBASE-T for a full 100m is the ISO standard for Category 7/class F in 11801 (which was published at the same time as the Category 6 standard).
Crosstalk elimination could also make Cat6A systems a viable alternative to Cat7. I believe this solution is in the works.
10GBASE-T is still in its early stages. Other advancements, no doubt, have yet to be developed. But if Morse’s law holds true, software will lead the charge, and hardware developers will continue their scramble to provide better and better IT networking devices to support it.
The Ethernet Alliance (EA) recently announced the 45-year anniversary of the Ethernet movement. And just for the record, they’re only getting started. The benefits of delivering low power and data delivery over one cable have not diminished. In fact, it’s safe to say these advantages are just as relevant in the age of green as they were back in their earliest days of development. The EA incorporated in 2005, in the State of California.
This article will discuss some of the takeaways from their May 2018 Global Consortium in Pittsburgh PA. The discussion about continuing interoperability centers on five areas.
- Building and industrial
- Service providers
As a review, interoperability is an industrywide standards-practice whereby consumers can interchange components from different vendors seamlessly. You’re not tied to one manufacturer. You have to give the manufacturing community credit for their practical boldness.
Anyone reading this who is old enough to remember the VCR versus the Betamax video player will understand the cost and frustration that resulted from multiple video player formats.
Proprietary thinking eventually backfired on SONY. While other manufacturers adhered to the VCR format, the Japanese tech giant watched their video player die a slow and painful death, despite the valid argument that Betamax video quality was better.
The importance of having one standard
One standard saves much grief. Industry-defined Power over Ethernet (PoE) certification ensures that all equipment is not only interchangeable, but also those performance standards are kept high.
Performance is only the half of it. The Ethernet Alliance has also led the charge on the naming and labeling for each generation of new Ethernet technology.
They have provided an industry-defined test plan that ensures that when a customer reads IEEE 802.3, they know they are getting the quality guarantee of PoE rated technology.
Further, each of these labels gives insight as to the type and class of equipment a buyer is getting.
Now let’s move on to the industries where these advances are playing out.
Ethernet in automotive
By 2019, the EA forecasts an impressive 500 million ports of Ethernet will ship in 119 million vehicles. Ethernet will allow all of the systems to “talk” to one another, and most especially the automated systems. That means, a lot of speed and a lot of throughputs to synchronize all systems together.
|What is Gbe?|
|Gbe is short for Gigabit Ethernet. It is a version of the Ethernet technology used in discussions of local area networks (LANs). It breaks down rates for transmitting Ethernet frames at 1 Gbps. This term describes that backbone in most networks, including behemoth enterprises found in large organizations.|
Ethernet is expected to surpass 400 Gbe. Essentially that car will be its own LAN reaching data speeds of 400 x the current 1 Gbps rate.
The bulk of all PoE purchases occur in business and campus settings. Hundreds of millions of ports ship each year, including BASE-T products. One clear advantage for implementing Ethernet in longstanding structures is the reuse of existing copper cabling found in the walls from the big telecom era.
An added 70 billion meters of cable has been deployed between servers and networks over the past decade-and-a-half through the use of twisted pair cable.
|What is BASE-T?|
|BASE-T is a type of Ethernet networking technology. The leading number indicates transmission speeds. For example, 10BASE-T means transmission speeds are 10 Mbit/s. BASE denotes signals of a near-zero frequency range. The T indicates twisted pair cable, where twisting reduces electromagnetic interference and crosstalk between pairs.|
Cloud providers have adopted 10Gbe servers on a large scale. High-speed network connectivity allows seamless redundancy at a moment’s notice. Server redundantly spread across far-flung geo-locations will enable providers 100 percent uptime when disaster hits.
|What is cloud technology?|
|Cloud technology is another name for remote networking over the Internet. The way it works is that instead of running programs and storing data on local servers, end users run everything over an Internet connection to servers farms and software service provider platforms.|
Gigabyte speeds continue to increase. Current networking architectures within these warehouse-scale data centers have driven multiple multimode and single-mode fiber solutions at 100, 200, and 400 Gbe. Demands of hyperscale service providers are rapidly expanding.
|What is hyperscale?|
|Hyperscale computing distributes networks across far-reaching facilities and efficiently provisions data from just a few servers to thousands as required by the customer. Hyperscale computing is big in the data and cloud computing disciplines.|
Ethernet in building and industrial applications
Lean manufacturing continually looks for ways to measure performance. Cameras and sensors play a significant role. Installing these remote low-power industrial devices is why PoE continues to gain ground in this sector.
The goal is always increasing customer value. Ethernet brings greater efficiency with fewer resources. That’s what is driving the adoption of PoE in the industrial space.
The EA projects robust sales of 165 million ports in this sector for 2019.
Ethernet used by Internet service providers
The credit for increased Ethernet speeds rests squarely on the shoulders of the ISP provider. To enhance their competitive advantage, telecoms are also driving the integration of optical transport and wireless solution development.
As a result, Ethernet technology developers continue to strive for higher speeds, throughput, and distances to meet these demands.
It all boils down to one thing—customers want to stream video, and that appetite will only continue to skyrocket bandwidth consumption for the foreseeable future.
Final thoughts on Ethernet development
Along with reviews and discussions of current projects, and the installation of team members, the EA launched two new task forces during the consortium:
- IEEE P802.3ck 100 Gb/s, 200 Gb/s, and 400 Gb/s Electrical Interfaces Task Force – specifying electrical interfaces based on 100 Gb/s signaling
- IEEE P802.3cm 400 Gb/s over Multimode Fiber Task Force – defining lower-cost higher data rate and density optical solutions
It will be interesting to watch these new projects unfold and witness the advantages from an end user perspective that these refinements will bring to these 5 sectors.
If you would like help putting together an equipment list for your client installation, feel free to contact us.